Each State Party reserves the right to deprive or withdraw a certificate or authorization from an air carrier of another State if it is not satisfied that the nationals of a State Party grant it substantial goods and effective control, or if that air carrier does not comply with the law of the State in which it operates; or to fulfil its obligations under this Agreement. It should be noted that the Scandinavian policy is to try to negotiate agreements with as few restrictions as possible opening up the air transport market to fair competition. America`s open skiing policy went hand in hand with the globalization of American airlines. By allowing U.S. airlines unlimited access to our partners` markets, as well as the right to take points between the two and beyond, open ski agreements provide U.S. airlines with maximum operational flexibility around the world. The Department of Foreign Affairs negotiates, in collaboration with the Ministries of Transport and Trade, agreements with foreign governments that provide the framework for commercial air services. The most liberal of these civil air transport agreements, called “open skies” agreements, offered the possibility of expanding international passenger and cargo flights to and from the United States. They promote economic growth by increasing travel and trade, increasing productivity and creating quality jobs.
Open skies agreements do this by eliminating state intervention in air carriers` commercial decisions on routes, capacity and prices, thereby enabling airlines to offer more affordable, convenient and efficient air services to consumers and shippers. Pioneering agreements have already been concluded with the United States in 2007 and June 2010 (the so-called “First” and “Second Stage” agreements). The third pillar of the EU`s external aviation policy is the opening of targeted negotiations with a view to reaching global agreements in the main regions of the world, with a view to market access and enhancing the prospects for fair competition in the most dynamic world markets, while contributing to the reform of international civil aviation and the promotion of European rules and European industry. The Scandinavian countries – Denmark, Norway and Sweden – have long-standing cooperation in the field of air transport policy. Normally, scandinavian countries negotiate with other countries in a joint delegation. Nevertheless, Denmark, Norway and Sweden conclude bilateral agreements with other countries, but with largely identical texts. The Commission, in cooperation with EU Member States, has identified a number of important partners in which the EU has a considerable interest in air transport. In all cases, negotiations at EU level aim to bring considerable added value compared to bilateral agreements by strengthening a comprehensive regulatory framework for the exploitation of improved business opportunities that benefit both the sector and its users (passengers and freight shippers). Commercial air transport may be carried out only if this has been authorized by the States concerned by the operations.
States have concluded air and air services agreements, in particular to provide a stable international basis for international scheduled air services. Normally, these agreements are concluded between two States parties – bilateral agreements. An ambitious agreement was signed with Canada in 2009. It creates a truly open airspace between the EU and Canada and creates vast opportunities for mutual openness in investment. A platform for close coordination of legislation on all aspects of air transport policy will also be set up. . . .